Writing—whether a persuasive essay, lab report, constructed response or research paper—is a consistent element of most performance tasks utilized by teachers to measure their students’ knowledge, knowledge of concepts, and skills. The causes are many, but probably the most critical is the fact that very act of writing, which requires students to produce sense of information and ideas and to express that understanding coherently, is itself a critical skill.
And yet, despite its importance, there clearly was consensus that is little educators at any grade level on which constitutes effective writing, how it ought to be measured, and on occasion even how it must be taught.
One step toward solving this conundrum is the consistent use of a general writing rubric that is analytic. An writing that is analytic, like all rubrics, contains sets of criteria aligned to progressive quantities of performance. However, unlike a writing that is holistic , which evaluates all criteria simultaneously to arrive at an individual score, an analytic writing rubric separates the criteria into discrete elements, such as controlling ideas, organization, development, diction and conventions. One of many advantages of the analytic rubric is that, in its most general form, it can be used with a variety of writing tasks—helping students learn the qualities of effective writing, regardless of subject area.
For such a writing rubric to be most effective, however, the trained teachers making use of the rubric must agree on the characteristics of effective writing, and align their scoring so that they’re all using the rubric’s criteria and score consistently. This outcome is best accomplished by teachers calibrating their scoring . resume fixer The calibration process asks teachers to score a series of normed essays which were scored ahead of time by expert educators using the same rubric. When teachers successfully align these normed essays to their scoring, they’re also aligned with each other. (more…)